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dementia or more broadly known as psychological dementia is a disease of the brain that affects cognitive functioning.

according to wikipedia  Dementia is a broad category of brain diseases that cause a long-term and often gradual decrease in the ability to think and remember that is great enough to affect a person's daily functioning.

Dementia is dynamic loss of psychological capacity, set apart by memory issues, inconvenience conveying, debilitated judgment, and befuddled reasoning. It is caused by harm to brain cells and generally compounds after some time. 

Dementia regularly happens amid aging, however is a more serious type of decrease than typical maturing. Individuals who have dementia may lose the capacity to direct their feelings, particularly outrage, and their identities may change. 

There are various phases of dementia, going from some minor trouble working to extreme debilitation. In the most extreme stage, individuals with dementia are totally subject to the assistance of others for the fundamental exercises of day by day life, for example, keeping themselves clean and encouraged. The most widely recognized type of dementia is Alzheimer's Disease, a lethal condition that influences in excess of 5 million Americans according to statistical findings from medical records.

unfortunately, dementia does not have a permanent cure, only certain medications exist to curtail the toiling effect on the patients.

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We hear the term "dementia" quite often, and we even make jokes about having them when we can't remember where we parked our car in the parking lot or why went to the kitchen. But what is dementia really?

Dementia is defined as a significant loss of cognitive abilities caused by the death of brain cells. Dementia is a general term that can apply to any number of more specific conditions, such as Alzheimer's, which define the symptoms even further. 

What's important to remember is that Alzheimer's and other forms of dementia are generally characterized by memory problems that are so severe they interfere with daily functions. Little "glitches," like temporarily spacing out your ATM pin number and forgetting where you put your car keys, don't always mean dementia and could be due to any number of other causes such as stress, lack of sleep, and medications. But if you feel you or someone close to you may have a serious problem don't hesitate to see a doctor and get a cognitive exam -- many times if caught early progress can be slowed and symptoms can be managed effectively.

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What is dementia?

Dementia is a collection of symptoms that affect abilities related to memory, mind, and language. However, memory loss does not mean you have dementia.

How common is dementia?

Dementia mostly affects people aged 65 years and over. Dementia can be treated by reducing risk factors. Discuss with the doctor for more information.

Signs & symptoms

What are the signs and symptoms of dementia?

The common symptoms of dementia are:

Memory loss

Difficulty speaking, communicating, and carrying out daily activities

Confused about time and place

Abstract thinking difficulties

Incorrect placing of objects

Sudden changes in behavior, personality, and mood

Loss of initiative or apathy.

There may be signs and symptoms not mentioned above. If you have concerns about a particular symptom, consult your doctor.

When should I see a doctor?

If you have the above signs or symptoms or other questions, consult your doctor. Each person's body is different. Always consult a doctor to deal with your health condition.

Cause

What are the causes of dementia?

Dementia is caused by damage to brain cells. This can inhibit brain cells from communicating with others, influencing behavior and feelings.

Most damage to the brain due to permanent dementia and worsens over time. However, the effects on memory disorders and thought are believed to be caused by the following conditions. Symptoms can improve if the condition is addressed:

Depression

Side effects of drugs

Alcohol abuse

Thyroid disorders

Vitamin deficiency.

Risk factors

What increases my risk for dementia?

Risk factors that cannot be changed:

Age: You are more prone to dementia after 65 years of age. However, dementia is not part of the normal aging process, dementia can also occur when young.

Family history: Many people with family history never experience symptoms, and many people without family history experience symptoms. Your doctor may take several tests to determine whether you have a particular gene mutation.

Down syndrome: Many people with Down syndrome experience an early attack of Alzheimer's disease in middle age.

Mild cognitive impairment: This condition includes impaired memory but without loss of daily functioning. This condition increases the risk of dementia.

Changeable risk factors:

Alcohol abuse: If you consume a lot of alcohol, you have a higher risk of dementia.

Cardiovascular risk factors: Such as high blood pressure (hypertension), high cholesterol, accumulation of fat in the artery wall (atherosclerosis) and obesity.

Depression: Indicates the formation of dementia.

Diabetes: If you have diabetes, you have a higher risk of dementia, especially if not treated properly.

Smoking: Increases the risk of dementia and other diseases such as vascular disease.

Sleep apnea: People who snore and have episodes where frequent breathing stops during sleep can experience reversible memory loss.

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