The main cause of type 2 diabetes in children is being overweight or obese. The relationship between obesity and type 2 diabetes is even stronger in young people than in adults. Children who are overweight are likely to experience increased insulin resistance. Then the body will struggle to regulate insulin, while high blood sugar can cause a number of serious health problems. According to the Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), over the past 30 years obesity in children has doubled and obesity in adolescents has quadrupled. Genetic factors can also play a role in increasing the risk of type 2 diabetes in children. If one parent or both parents have this diabetes, your child has the potential to have type 2 diabetes too.
Symptoms of type 2 diabetes in children Symptoms of type 2 diabetes are not always easily recognized. In most cases, the disease develops gradually, which causes symptoms to be difficult to detect. About 40 percent of children who have type 2 diabetes do not show any signs or symptoms. However, some symptoms can be recognized, namely:
Tired easily If your child is often weak, tired, or sleepy without heavy physical activity, it could be a symptom of diabetes. Because, type 2 diabetes in children makes the body unable to process sugar into an energy source, only stored in the blood. As a result, children do not have enough energy to move. Excessive thirst It's easy to thirst when you drink enough water which may show symptoms of type 2 diabetes in children.
Frequent urination Excessive sugar levels in the bloodstream can absorb fluid from body tissues. This makes your child urinate more often. Plus, children become thirsty and drink more. Often feeling hungry Children with diabetes do not have enough insulin hormone to fuel their body's cells. So that makes children feel hungry more often.
Wounds that are difficult to heal Long or difficult healing of wounds that exist in children is one sign your child has type 2 diabetes. Darker skin If your child has type 2 diabetes, you may see some areas of your child's skin become dark, this is also called acanthosis nigricans. Insulin resistance can cause the skin to darken, such as the armpits and neck.
Diabetes or diabetes mellitus is a condition of the body in which the level of sugar (glucose) in bloodstream becomes higher than the normal limit.
Glucose is the fuel of our body cells. Two hormone insulin and glucagon work together to control the level of glucose in blood. Insulin hormone is produced in pancreas and causes body cells to absorb glucose so that they may get energy from it. It also controls the excessive blood sugar. When the level of glucose increases in the bloodstream, it signals the liver to store excessive glucose. Liver store it for later use in form of glycogen.
Diabetes is the condition of the body in which it cannot use glucose properly or pancreas doesn’t produce enough insulin to control the level of sugar. There are mainly two types of diabetes-type-1 and type-2. A third type of diabetes is also known and is referred as gestation diabetes. It affects females during pregnancy.
Type-1 diabetes occurs when our immune system destroys the insulin producing beta cells of pancreas. It is believed that 10% cases of diabetes are type-1. Scientists believe that its reason may be virus infection, chemical reaction, hormonal diseases, medicines and other things including genetic history.
Type-2 diabetes is very common. It is the result of our unhealthy lifestyle. Our sedentary lifestyle is making us obese. In the modern world we are consuming too much junk and fast foods which are full of trans-fats and carbohydrates but we don’t do enough exercise to burn those extra calories. These extra calories get store in our body and disrupt its functions. Normally we get up late in the morning and also sleep late in the night. After getting up we spend our time in offices and after coming from there we spend time on watching television or surfing internet. Social media’s addiction is also making us more sedentary. This is also true for children. Now they are not easily seen playing games and sports which require active physical participation. In our over-crowded cities, it has become very difficult to find free space for sports. So, children becoming confined in their apartments, playing video games or spending time watching television. Type-2 diabetes was rare in children but now children are also getting affected by this condition. The main reasons of this condition in children are the lack of physical activities and consuming too much junk food. We are seeing obese children and grownups everywhere. There were not many obese persons 30 to 40 years ago.
Type-1 diabetes can develop in kids because of the reason that are mentioned above.
Symptoms of this disease are too much thirst and urination, hunger, fatigue, sudden weight loss or weight gain, numbness and tingling sensation over body, wounds which do not heal easily and yeast infection etc. Babies’ can develop nappy rashes and little girls can experience genital yeast infection induced by diabetes. When one sees these symptoms in kids, one should consult a doctor immediately.
For preventive type-2 diabetes, kids must be allowed to engage in sports and games which require lots of physical activities. Kids should not be allowed to consume junk and fast food. A healthy lifestyle can prevent this anomaly.
Until recently, the common type of diabetes in children and teens was type 1. It was called juvenile diabetes. With Type 1 diabetes, the pancreas does not make insulin. Insulin is a hormone that helps glucose,or sugar, get into your cells to give them energy. Without insulin, too much sugar stays in the blood.
Now younger people are also getting type 2 diabetes. Type 2 diabetes used to be called adult-onset diabetes. But now it is becoming more common in children and teens, due to more obesity. With Type 2 diabetes, the body does not make or use insulin well.
Children have a higher risk of type 2 diabetes if they are overweight or have obesity, have a family history of diabetes, or are not active. Children who are African American, Hispanic, Native American/Alaska Native, Asian American, or Pacific Islander also have a higher risk. To lower the risk of type 2 diabetes in children
Have them maintain a healthy weight
Be sure they are physically active
Have them eat smaller portions of healthy foods
Limit time with the TV, computer, and video
Children and teens with type 1 diabetes may need to take insulin. Type 2 diabetes may be controlled with diet and exercise. If not, patients will need to take oral diabetes medicines or insulin. A blood test called the A1C can check on how you are managing your diabetes.