How correct English?
When it comes to electric cars, they pollute pretty much only as much as the power plant that provides them with electricity pollutes.
If it's a power plant that turns burning stuff into electricity, well guess what, it pollutes quite a lot.
And giving it business by buying electricity for such source means, You pollute.
The batteries can contaminate if the strips burst to a river or the sea, otherwise, no.
- The batteries do not last a short time.
Saving these "details" I understand that you ask what will happen to them at the end of their useful life. Well, I think they will recycle their chemical components to make batteries again or something else.
I am more concerned about knowing the capacity of the Spanish electricity network when it comes to supplying so many batteries. What percentage of the current mobile fleet could happen to be currently electrical without there being supply problems? And with a decent supply? With this last I mean that it does not happen like this winter, that when there was more need to supply (heating) the prices went up because they said "it was necessary".
Lithium battery life. [Plug In America - Tesla Model S degradation study]. Here you can see how the Tesla Model S battery degrades. The 85 kWh battery has a degradation below 10% after 160,000 kilometers.
The duration of the batteries is not as short as you think. In fact, when its degradation penalizes excessively its use in the automobile it can be used for other uses. A battery is the ideal complement to renewable energies and if the use of photovoltaic solar energy is promoted for the self-consumption of houses and buildings, the batteries would allow greater independence and performance of the facilities.
The 85 kWh batteries of a Tesla Model S weigh about 540 kg. Those of the Renault Zoe of 41 kWh about 290 kg. These data will go down as the energy densities of the batteries improve.
I have come to listen to people comparing lithium batteries with radioactive products. Lithium batteries are not as polluting as popular belief believes, forgive redundancy.
Lithium batteries can be recycled. Currently its recycling is not extended due to the low price of lithium offered by the primary industry. But when its use extends, the logical thing is to regulate its recycling.
It is true that it is a sensitive issue and more when it is expected that its use will spread as massively as it is supposed.