I like this question.
I would say that in today’s society and tech, anarchy is by definition decentralized, but decentralization is not necessarily anarchy. So they aren't mutually exclusive.
If you closely look at the basic definition of anarchy - “without a ruler” - then decentralization is very much in line with that, with no single point of control (or failure).
Anarchy is a term loaded with a variety of meanings. The popular definition equates anarchy with disorder, chaos and disorganisation. While decentralization on the other hand, doesn't actually have to do with disorder, chaos nor disorganisation. I would say another difference between anarchy and decentralisation is in the particular relationships formed between individuals and groups.
Digging a little deeper, more differences can be drawn between decentralization and anarchy. The open source world, for example, is a practical example of decentralization in technology. However, I’d say that there are key differences between anarchy and decentralization in the areas of trust, conformity and individual agency.
In tech today, trust between decentralized devices is managed. There's hardly any trust in anarchy systems, if it exists at all. There is also compatibility problems in anarchy systems, because of the disorderliness associated with it most times.
Simply put, decentralization and anarchy are not actually the same. But they are closely related. I hope you have a better understanding on both concepts now.
There is still a lot of mass media that is mistakenly using the meaning of anarchism. They often assess that anarchism is an act of violence accompanied by destruction.
Well, so that the use of the term anarchism is not wrong and can be distinguished by the term vandalism, let's explore its origin, both in language and history.
According to the Large Indonesian Language Dictionary [KBBI], anarchism is a doctrine that opposes any state power; political theory that doesn't like government and law.
Anarchy: matters of absence of government, law, regulation or order; chaos [in a country].
Anarchist: advocate of anarchism; people who commit acts of anarchy.
Still according to KBBI, vandalism: acts of destroying and destroying works of art and other valuables: violent and violent destruction and destruction.
While vandals called vandalis and destructive actions are termed vandalism.
Anarchism is the notion / ideology put forward by Michael Bakunin [1814-1876]. Bakunin is a Russian revolutionary who lives in Western Europe.
Bakunin is an anti-communist. The understanding of his anarchism is contrary to the understanding of Karl Marx [socialist marxism].
He often led a rebellion to eliminate the authoritarian government at that time. He did it on the basis of solidarity for independence without oppression.
Whereas vandalism is not an understanding. Vandalism is a customary attitude aimed at the Vandals in Ancient Rome.
At that time, the Vandals were often cruel and disgraceful. In fact, they do not hesitate to destroy the artwork and the surrounding nature.
According to my observations on the ground, anarchy is a decentralized definition, but decentralization is not always anarchy.
The definition of Anarchy is chaos, chaos and disorganization. While decentralization has nothing to do with chaos or disorganization.
There is a difference between anarchy and decentralization in a special relationship formed by the world community.
As in the open source world, it is an example of decentralization in technology.