The best way to prevent measles is immunization with exposed since childhood. There are two choices of measles vaccination. The first is the special measles vaccine that entered by the Government into the compulsory immunization. This vaccine is given at age 9 months, 2 years and 6 years. The second type of vaccine is a liquid vaccine MMR koprasi for rubella, measles and gondongan, Germany. This vaccine is given at age 12-13 months, and at the age of 3-5 years.
A newborn will have antibodies against measles if her mother ever suffered from measles or measles vaccinations had received before getting pregnant. These antibodies will provide protection for the first few months. Therefore special measles vaccine or MMR should be given when the baby is over half a year
Immunisation is the only effective preventive measure against acquiring measles.
The live attenuated measles vaccine induces an immune response that is similar to naturally acquired immunity and can be boosted by challenge from wild or vaccine virus.
Measles vaccine is at least 95% effective and seroconversion rates are close 100%. Primary vaccine failure of the first dose at 12 months of age or older occurs in up to 5% of people, but 95% of first dose failures will seroconvert from a second dose.
Maternal antibodies are the most common cause of primary vaccine failure. The age of first immunisation with measles vaccine must balance the chance of seroconversion with the risk of infection. This is why, in countries with endemic measles, the first dose of measles containing vaccine (MCV) is given as early as nine months, often complemented by another dose during the second year of life.
Experience and modelling shows that two doses of measles vaccine is required to interrupt indigenous transmission and achieve herd immunity. A single dose in the second year of life will induce immunity in about 95% of immunised people. This means that 100% uptake would be required in order to achieve the desired 95% immunity level. However, about 95% of those who fail to respond to a first dose develop immunity from a second dose and hence the benefit of a second dose.
All European immunisation programmes today promote a two-dose measles immunisation schedule with the first dose given during the second year of life and the second dose at an older age that differs between countries.
Measles vaccine is most commonly administered as part of a combination of live attenuated vaccines that includes measles, mumps, rubella or measles, mumps, rubella and varicella (MMR or MMRV).
Combination vaccines have been shown to elicit the same immune response as individual vaccines. Vaccinating individuals who are already immune to one or more of the antigens in the combination vaccine, either from previous immunisation or natural infection, are not associated with any increased risk of adverse events.
Regarding post-exposure prophylaxis, administration of an MCV is the intervention of choice within 72 hours of exposure as the incubation period for vaccine virus is shorter than that for wild virus.
Measles, a disease caused by an airborne virus that spreads via breathing, coughing, or sneezing. Its symptoms are rash, high fever, cough, runny nose, and red, watery eyes. Some if the have weak immunity system if is sick with measles also can get an ear infection, diarrhea, or a serious lung infection, such as pneumonea which is very rare.
Measles can be prevented with two lateral step
1. by getting the measles vaccine:
>Make sure you are fully vaccinated or otherwise protected against measles.
>Infants are the ones most unprotected and should have 1 dose of measles vaccine if traveling internationally.
>Infants vaccinated before 12 months of age should be revaccinated on or after the first birthday with 2 doses, separated by at least 28 days.
>Children 12 months of age or older should have 2 doses, separated by at least 28 days.
>Adolescents and adults who have not had measles or have not been vaccinated should get 2 doses, separated by at least 28 days.
2. By taking steps to prevent illness:
>Wash your hands often. If soap and water aren’t available, clean your hands with hand sanitizer (containing at least 60% alcohol).
>Don’t touch your eyes, nose, or mouth. If you need to touch your face, make sure your hands are clean.
>Cover your mouth and nose with a tissue or your sleeve (not your hands) when coughing or sneezing.
>Try to avoid close contact, such as kissing, hugging, or sharing eating utensils or cups, with people who are sick..
Reading this question I immediately remembered my childhood. At that time I was still in elementary school, our school was visited by a team from Puskesmas (Community Health Center).
The school team says you all today will be in a syringe Immunization.
Teachers say this immunization goal is to prevent suffering from measles.
So in my opinion,
The best way to prevent measles is by immunization since childhood. There are two choices of measles vaccination. The first is the measles vaccine that the government enters into the compulsory immunization program. This vaccine is given at the age of 9 months, 2 years, and 6 years.