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What is the difference between HIV and AIDS?

HIV is a virus. It stands for human immunodeficiency virus. It causes deficiency in the human immuno system and destroys immune system cells called CD4 cells. These cells protect the human body from other infections, diseases and other health related issues. 

If the human body losses a large number of these cells, it becomes more prone to infections and diseases. In short, HIV is a virus that makes the body more likely to get ill very easily.

AIDS stands for acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. It is the last stage of HIV when the virus becomes life threatening to the human body. It is a condition caused by the HIV virus. 

When a person is infected with the HIV virus, he starts to lose CD4 cells but his body doesn't lose all of them at once. The HIV virus continues to spread if left untreated. It continues to grow and make the body lose CD4 cells.

When the body loses enough cells and reach the final stage where HIV virus is rampant in the body, it is than considered to be the condition called AIDS.

The HIV virus doesn't have any cure that can completely wipe it out of the body. But there are treatment available that can reduce the spread of HIV and prevent it from becoming AIDS.

One of the most commonly used treatments against HIV for AIDS prevention is Antiretroviral therapy (ART). It can't cure HIV but reduces the risk of HIV transmission to others and helps patients live healthier lives.

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  HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus) is a virus which causes AIDS (Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome). So, the former is a virus that leads to a deadly syndrome AIDS.

HIV is a retrovirus which attacks human immune system. It destroys T Cells which protects a person from infections. If HIV is not treated well, its attack on CD4 cells (T cells) makes the person vulnerable to the attack of various infections. A person with a weak immune system can get easily infected by deadly diseases which kill the person.

How HIV spreads?

Prime source of HIV spreading is unsafe sex. When a person is infected by HIV indulges in sexual intercourse with other person, body fluid of that person can come in contact with his/her sexual partner’s body and can also infect him/her. It can transmit through vaginal, oral and anal sex. Exchange of sex toys can also transmit the virus if the user has HIV infection. Use of condom is very effective in checking transmission of HIV.

Drug injection, needle sharing and blood transmission: Drug addicts who take drug using injection and share a single syringe for this can get easily infected by HIV, if any one of them is having HIV or AIDS. In hospitals, t a healthy person can get infection during blood transfusion, if he/she receives blood of an infected person. Hospital staff should use gloves, masks etc. in order to be safe from infections.

It can also transmit through a pregnant mother to the child. Hence, to be safe from the HIV infection, a person should not come into direct contact of an infected person’s body fluids. However, it should be noted that it doesn’t spread through hand shaking, normal kissing, hugging, touching, sharing towels, sharing cutlery, etc.

HIV infection and its symptoms

Within 2 to 4 weeks some infected person’s manifest flu-like symptoms. Symptoms like sore throat, swollen glands, muscle pain, tiredness, weight loss, body rashes, headaches etc. can be seen in the infected person. In many cases, after this stage, these symptoms disappear or ameliorate. After this, virus slowly destroys body immune system. A person can live healthy and feel well for many years. If a person is under treatment of HIV, the virus can be suppressed in this stage and the infected person can live a normal life.

AIDS: If left untreated, the virus continues to destroy immune system. When the number of CD4 cells drops below 200 cells per cubic millimeter of blood (200 cells/mm3), a person is considered having AIDS. Body becomes vulnerable to other infections. This stage is the third stage. In this stage symptoms are similar to the symptom of tuberculosis. After this stage, treatment becomes very difficult. In fact, AIDS doesn’t kill the patient, opportunistic infections and diseases kill him/her.

Treatment is more effective if it is taken in the initial stage of HIV. It is also better to take Antiretroviral Treatment (ART) when HIV is not developed into AIDS. ART can suppress the virus and can stop it to make further destruction. It can also lower the risk of transmission of the disease from the HIV-positive person to the healthy person. So, it is better to take treatment as early as possible. Till date we don’t have any cure of AIDS but HIV can be stopped to make much harm.

However, precaution is the best medicine. It is wise to be safe. One should not indulge in unsafe sex or sharing injections. Hedonistic pleasure can give us a sense of thrill for sometime but in a long run it destroys us. So, it is better to live a controlled life for the sake of keeping safe from such a deadly infection. 

1 Comment

HIV is the name of the virus. It's short for human immunodeficiency virus, and it's a type of retrovirus that eventually causes the infection acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS). It's also possible to say that a person "has HIV", because at one point they can be infected by having the virus in their body, but the virus has not yet been able to develop into big enough numbers to give the host the disease. 

It's the same way for the common flu. This is caused by a virus called the rhinovirus, but the disease it causes is called the common flu. 


Give me initial a chance to keep in touch with them in their full structures.

HIV: Human Immunodeficiency Virus.

AIDS: Auto-Immune Deficiency Syndrome.

So you see,

HIV is an infection, a living being.

AIDS is a disorder, a turmoil, something that isn't right with your body.

Presently, when peope say somebody has HIV, it implies that the individual is tainted with the HIV infection.

Contamination doesn't really mean there is an illness.

Contamination just implies that now the organism(in this case, the HIV infection) is stopped inside your body.

Presently the body will utilize its insusceptible framework to prevent the life form from making any damage and attempt expel it from your body.

Helps is the last phase of HIV contamination. Its when the HIV infection has begun to win once again your invulnerable framework.

For this situation, as the name proposes, the mischief that HIV infection causes to your body is that it makes your resistant framework insufficient.

When you have AIDS, your resistant framework doesn't work appropriately. You can never again battle against contaminations proficiently or viably.

As a general rule, the individual experiencing AIDS passes on from someother contamination, for example, Tuberculosis or pneumonia.

Be that as it may, with the progression of therapeutic science, with legitimate medicine and treatment-

A man experiencing HIV contamination can be kept from advancing to AIDS.

Helps can be brought under control in those patients officially experiencing it.

Tragically however, there is no total solution for AIDS yet. Regardless of whether there was one-

Prevention is better than cure ......