Futurism comes from French, futur or English futures which both mean "the future" is an avant-garde art stream, or before its time, especially in 1909 AD.
Futurism is an understanding of some people or a group of people who believe or believe in a better future, in the sense of being more modern, more concrete, and even believed that humans will be able to master the universe with the technology they have later.
The Futurism movement was proclaimed in 1909 by an Italian writer and poet, Filippo Tommaso Marinetti. Futurism is a pure Italian art movement and a first cultural movement in the 20th century that was introduced directly to the wider community.
Starting from the concept in the movement of literature, then penetrated into the art field such as: painting, sculpture, music, design and architecture. This futurism arises from the situation caused by World War I, with the aim of leaving bitter memories, nostalgia, pessimism, then releasing old material, elements, and values.
The values of the Futurists are intended to accompany and balance the cultural shift, the broad dynamic power of the market, the era of machinery, and global communication which according to their arguments is changing the realm of reality from world culture. So the Futurist fantasies use geometric patterns to represent the direction of movement and the meaning of the movement itself.
Futurism artists and designers usually use evening days to gather, write manifestos, poems and music. The aggressive and individualistic behavior of the Futurists is gradually being used to spread fascism. One Futurist publishes it in a French newspaper, "Le Figaro" dated February 20, 1909, by making a mixture or combination that is not easy to fulfill the interests of Italian nationalism, military and new beliefs in machines which are later manifested in the products of cars and airplanes. Before World War II, the movement of Italian Futurists was to anticipate the possibility of design constraints in everyday life, through the absorption and depiction of the quality of mechanization and speed, as discussed by Banham in his book: "Theory and Design in The First Machine Age ".
This era has inspired Futurist painters, poets and architects, including: Filippo Tommaso Marinetti, Giacomo Balla, Gino Severini, Fornunato Depero, Carra, and Antonio Sant’Elia to create a work that reflects their world. It is all a new spirit that they uphold in a group that brings it to Fascist politics, when dependence on emotional involvement with modernity and novelty in the community.
The philosophy used by Futurists is mostly drawn from the historical background of the emergence of Modernism. Because we know that Futurism is an early movement of the birth of Modernism. In addition, the occurrence of the Industrial Revolution also affected Futurism.
The Machine Aesthetics or machine aesthetics appear to affect the characteristics of typography in both posters, book covers, and various other graphic forms.
Characteristics of Futurism:
1. The unification of characters from different elements in a reference, and the compilation of his work as a unit.
2. Having ideas such as closeness, impatience, extreme in direct relations with futurism values.
3. Its characteristics also include uneven lines that communicate energy from its movements.
4. The view of work that emphasizes the future.
Influence of futurism
Futurism influences many arts fields such as: painting, sculpture, music, design and architecture. In the world of Futurism architecture usually affects the parts of buildings such as entrances, floors, building shapes, ornaments, etc. Futurism also influences the development of typography. Besides futurism that uses typography is widely used in expressing feelings in poetry.
This futurism arises from the situation caused by World War I, with the aim of leaving bitter memories, nostalgia, pessimism, then releasing old material, elements, and values. The values of the Futurists are intended to accompany and balance cultural shifts, broad dynamic market forces, the era of machinery, and global communication according to their arguments
Futurism also influenced the flow of art in the 20th century such as Art Deco, Constructifism, Dadaism, and Surrealism
Futurism is a Modern early birth movement.
With the onset of the Industrial Revolution it also affected Futurism. The Machine Aesthetics or machine aesthetics appear to affect the characteristics of typography in both posters, book covers, and various other graphic forms.
Acording to what i was taught in college,we were taught that Futurism has an italian name which is "Futurismo:..,
futurism was known to actually be an artistic and also a social movement which was really originated in Italy during the early (20th)twentieth century, futurism actually emphasized on technology,violence,speed,youth, and also objects like the car,aeroplane, and also an industrial city. ..