READING. It is better to study by reading to understand what was taught than to memorize step by step, word for word what was taught.
While it is really not a bad thing to memorize, it is actually better to understand what you are taught. Reading helps you understand better. Reading makes it possible to be able to interpret whatever that was taught in another form.
WHen you read to understand, you can explain what was taught in the way that you understand it. You will be able to confidently interpret your knowledge without using the same words that was used for you. But when you memorize, you are confined to using same words. You do not completely understand what was taught but you are able to say exactly, word for word what you have been taught. Memorizing restricts your level of understanding and could be really dangerous. If you forget one line, it may be difficult to remember the rest.
Reading to understand is long term because the knowledge stays with you for a much longer time but Memorizing is rather for the short term, the knowledge disappears when you no longer have need for it. Especially if there's something new to memorize.
If you want to attain educational success, I'll advise that it's best to READ and not Memorize.
Both the methods, you mentioned, are required to get a successful education.
Let's start from the very beginning when a child starts getting education. First of all, he/she needs to memorize the letters, then comes the logic about how to make the words. If we talk about the numbers, first she/he needs to memorize the numbers, addition, subtraction, multiplication & division come later on, and these operations need logic/concept to master them.
As a child progresses in her/his education, both of these methods require to be developed. They need to remember spelling of the words and yes, afterwards the mathematical formulas, Elements in the Periodic table, Formulas in Physics, Chemistry, Accounting, events & their related dates and names in History etc etc. But, he/she needs to develop the logic(concept), where and how to apply them (Mathematics, Physics, Chemistry, Accounting etc). He/She needs to get a clear concept about several topics in Physics, Organic & Inorganic chemistry, theorems in Mathematics, types of interest rates in Accounting etc.
For example, an herbalist needs to remember all the herbs and their properties and usage. But, when he/she prepares a medicine, that is his/her concept which he/she developed by understanding their properties. This is also true for the physicians, they have to remember the names of the medicines to some extent. They have to remember the elements, compounds and their properties and when they prescribe any medicine to the patients, that is purely their logic/concept that which medicine has the right amount of the element/compound.
I was a student/teacher of science, so my examples and discussion are science subject related but definitely you can find both of these methods (remember & concept) employed in all the fields of the education.
I have been working in education for close to twenty years and I have definitely seen a shift over that time towards less memorization and more understanding concepts.
I heard this from a speaker quite some time ago and here is my reasoning...
Back in the day when I was a kid, the Internet didn't really exist. It might have been around in bits and pieces as part of some government project, but it wasn't as obvious as it is now. When we wanted to learn something, we went to the library or the school and we looked in encyclopedias or we learned from our teachers.
The teachers were the holders of knowledge and they were the conduit through which we gained that knowledge. Mostly through memorization and other things like that.
As the Internet has become more popular and filled with legitimate sources of information, the role of teacher should be shifting. In many cases it is not and the teachers still see themselves as the holders of knowledge.
That really isn't the case anymore. The knowledge is everywhere and it can be accessed whenever you need it simply by logging on to a computer or using your smartphone..
The problem is, there is a lot of crap information out there. False information that people have put on the Internet because there is little to no limitation on what you can post on the Internet.
The speaker I was listening to postulated and I agree that teachers should learn to stop being the holders of knowledge and start to become the facilitators of knowledge.
Like I said, the information is out there in all forms, blogs, whitepapers, youtube videos, webpages, etc. The teachers should start being the ones to teach students how to sift through all of those sources and find the ones that are legitimate and learn how to determine what makes something useful or not.
I think the perfect example of this in regards to your question is the concept of open book tests. How often do teachers not want you having the book open during a test because they see that as cheating? They want you to memorize all the facts and try to regurgitate them in a meaningful way.
That isn't how things work in the real world. If I have a problem I go online and I figure out how to solve it. I don't have to count on my memory to help me remember what a quadratic equation is.
The hope is while you are learning you will absorb some of that information that will be helpful to you in the future. Basic math is a good example of this. Some of those things I think should be memorized. For the most part though I think tests should be open book. These days it is more about "are you able to find the information vs. do you remember the information".
That is why I think concept reading is more important than memorization.
Depends entirely on the individual.
Some people learn best by reading, others by hearing, others by watching, others by doing.
There is no one-size-fits-all “best.”
It depends on how you learn best, we each learn in different ways. Some people are visual, others auditory, and others learn by reading. I learn best by actually doing something and seeing how the whole process works. I don't personally like memorizing steps because sometimes I can find a better process for doing something by experimenting. So, I would say that it depends on how you personally learn best!
What I believe is that in education the practical significance of any subject matter or any concept is much more important than anything. The moment you start making an organized module for reading or memorizing particularly for kids then they will conceive it as a difficult thing in their life and they will run away from it, because it is the inherent quality of any kids pertaining to education.
So unless you make your concept of reading or memorizing as easy as playing a game for the kids they will be not be interested in it. Further unless a concept is framed upon with practical significance it will not be that easy for a student/kids to fully understand.
So there is no problem at all if you are making a module of a concept in steps to make it look more organized and neat and clean but at the same time make a practical model of it along with that, so that it will make the things interesting and when it comes to implement it upon the kids/students then it should be as easy as playing a game. When you say the kids to play a game and tell the steps of that game, it did not even require any effort for the student to understand that game, because their mind is so conditioned that they take playing a game as lightly and friendly to their life and that should also happen when it comes to education and/or making them understood about a concept.
Therefore there should be a balance between the theory and the practical in education system and as far as possible the schools and education system should develop more infrastructure so that they can make the theory understood to their kids/students along with its practical significance, that will make the things a lot easy for them to understand it properly and this way the education system will also grow stronger.
Thank you and Have a great day.
I think the best method of learning is a requirement of both. Some key concepts need some memorization. I have taught for many years as a teacher and have seen how students learn.
Some are good in the understanding due to the fact that they read alot but they have a problem. Of writing and understand key concepts as some readers and most people would skim through without knowing truly what they have learnt. Reading alot of pages about the similar topic and subject is a good way to engage a topic in a more in depth manner. At the time of reading, it is important to focus and not have any other distractions that can make us lose focus on what we are studying about.
Some key concepts need memorization as they can't be though of in a common sense as leisure reading would be.
Another thing to add into the learning process is to watch videos of concepts and to write down notes and ask yourself key concept questions.
Reading educational concepts or theories: is a very effective method for understanding concepts or learning material.
Remembering step by step is also a very good method to be applied in learning.
All methods have advantages and disadvantages. So in terms of choosing motede learning, must be understood in advance the intelligence of students. Because not all students can apply the same method. For example, student A understands the concept faster by reading. While student B is not necessarily the same.
So in my opinion, a successful method is not focused on a method, so a teacher should prepare many methods and strategies to teach their students to understand and understand what is conveyed by the teacher, both by reading, memorizing, remembering.
In my opinion, learning one word, understand, it's better than learning 1000 words but don't understand. regarding what method, this must be seen in the way students learn. because between students with other students have different ways of learning.
There are two ways in which you get success in education first one is more reading. Reading mainly related to two approaches. First one is conceptual reading and the second one is handout reading and read out step by step but these two things are basic keys toward success different people have different point of view some people have skills only read context and memorized but some people have short memory and they memorize step by step and each word of the paragraph.
If we are talking about the success the reason behind the only way which leads to word success is about reading if you have more reading habit if you have inside knowledge can you write something if you don't have knowledge then you can't even I talk about something?
If we are talking about success in education its start with our childhood activities and the major part of success developer schools but schools are not enough for your educational success. you need to learn different things from society from your home and through some experiences of your practical life is all things are included in the educational institution. only number getting and only degree holding people not a just successful person. If they have the skill and proper knowledge then they are a successful person in education.
If we have both categories people which have the knowledge and other people have a degree so who won the race. If you got one interview and both people reach interview place when interviewer take their interview. He just gets their degrees and put inside and then Asked question what are your skills what are your knowledge it doesn't only about education or is not about what degree and how many percentages you have.
If any company give you a job they must analysis yourself what is your knowledge what is your key factors what is your strength which you learn from your school from your institution at that time if you get a job and if you successfully do your interview that is actual mean of educational success when you achieve your goal.
This is a complex matter. We are all different and have different abilities.
Some people are learning by reading the text out loud and repeating it over and over again. Actually I don't like this method because if you forget one word, you are done. Besides, memorizing everything without logic is not good.
I'm more like a visual type. I love to take notes and use markers to make my page more memorable. Then I see the page in front of me and read from there. Back in high school teachers used to get suspicious and could not understand my strange face and look. This method helped me a lot and still helps me.
I used to do shopping lists and leave them at home, so then I used to read them :) I know, it's strange but has worked and served me well. Now there are mobile apps for that.
So each person chooses what's best for him.
A combination of the right memorization tool and employing active reading strategy rather than passive reading will help solidify any information gleaned from study materials.
Reading to understand,make notes of important points and employing the right memorization tools will store information in longterm memory making it easy to access when the situation calls for it.
In my opinion concept reading is the better option. Concept reading increase your thinking ability and creativity where as memorizing some thing is good for memories. Creativity and thinking ability is inevitable to develop new technolgy. So, we need minds which can do wonders by creativity instead of memorizing robot
Reading is more effective for one to gain knowledge when getting an education. And you should ensure that you read to understand concepts and terms.
Memorizing step by step is done when one is preparing to write an exam and if you've already read your books before now, then it will be easier for you to remember.