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What is the best way to handle earth-quakes?
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The best way to win after an earthquake

A. If You Are Inside the Building

  • Exit the building in an orderly manner.
  • Do not use walking stairs or elevators, use ordinary stairs.

B. Check the environment around you

  • Check if there is a fire.
  • Check if there is a gas leak.
  • Check if there is a short circuit.
  • Check the flow and water pipes.
  • Hand over the dangerous things (turn off the electricity, do not light the fire etc).
  • Immediately inform relevant agencies if there are things that are not desirable (fire, landslide, etc.).

C. Do not enter buildings that have been affected by the earthquake

There is a possibility that the building will collapse or aftershocks occur.

D. Be careful walking in the area around the earthquake

The possibility of a follow-up hazard still exists.

E. Give help

Because health workers will have difficulty coming to the scene, be prepared to provide first aid to people around you.

F. Evacuation

Get away as soon as you are told the place of refuge. Refuge places are usually regulated by the local government. In principle, evacuation is carried out on foot under the escort of police officers or government agencies. Bring enough goods.

G. Listen to information

  • Listen to information about the earthquake from the radio.
  • To prevent panic, it is important that everyone be calm and act according to the correct information. You can get correct information from the authorities, the police, or the PMK officer.
  • Do not be easily provoked by issues or news that is not clear source.
  • If there are directives given by the officer, follow it well.
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My teachers have thought me few tips that could be used during earth-quakes. I don't live in a place that has frequent earth quake problems. But we have had earth quakes few times in the past. I even remember that I was under my office basement when the actual earthquake happened. Few things that I can think off to handle during earthquakes are:

  • Do not panic when there is an earthquake. 
  • When earthquake is happening, there is a high possibility that building materials can fall on you when you are inside the house.  To overcome that, you have to immediately get under the bottom of a strong table or cot. 
  • Running to the open ground is the best solution. 
  • If roof top is nearby, it can also help but running towards an open ground is something that is preferable. 
  • If you live in a place that is prone to lots of earthquakes, then your building materials should not be fully on concrete instead it should have capabilities to withstand earthquakes. Materials made of paper or wood can help in withstanding an earth quake. 

The above are some easy points that I can really think off. Hope the above points will be really helpful for you to handle earthquakes. 

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Remain Calm!

5 years ago, my hometown was struck with a 7.2 Magnitude Earthquake. Fortunately there was only minor damages on our area but electricity was cut-off for months. Anyway, after the major quake we often get aftershocks of magnitude 3-5 almost 5-10 times a day for the first 2 weeks and 1-3 aftershocks once in a while for months.

Anyway, what I learned from that experience is that it pays to remain calm. If you are nowhere near an exit, try to keep your balance or best go duck under a table. Don't get too close on things that might break or fall on you (like if you are on the kitchen, stay away from those kitchen utensils that might fall on you). Again just remain calm! XD

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Since until now there is no way to know when an earthquake will occur, the best we can do is to inform ourselves and prepare to act in the best way when the next earthquake occurs.

International institutions such as the Federal Agency for Emergency Management of the United States (FEMA), the Meteorological Agency of Japan, the "Bogotá, down to earth" campaign, the California Emergency Management Agency and others advise the following measures to prevent and reduce the damage caused by an earthquake.

 

BEFORE

In your home, determine objects that may become a hazard during an earthquake, such as pictures, mirrors, lamps, hanging pots, etc. and relocate or secure them so that they can not fall on top of an earthquake.

Practice earthquake drills. In advance, each member of your family, office or school should know where to stand in case of an earthquake; for example, under a desk or a strong table.

Know where and how to close the passage of electricity, gas and water in the main switches and outlets.

Agree to a contact phone outside the city that family members can call to let others know that they are okay.

Keep a reserve of non-perishable food and drinking water for at least 3 days.

EMERGENCY KIT:

Get used to having a backpack with:

- Portable radio

- Flashlight with batteries

- First aid kit

- Bottled water

- Canned food and dry grains

- Can opener - A copy of your personal documents

- Emergency telephone list

DURING

If possible, stay calm and stay indoors for the duration of the earthquake.

Get on the floor, cover yourself and hold on! Give only steps that allow you to stand under a safe place, such as a desk or a sturdy table. Once there, hold with both hands a leg.

Stay away from windows, glass, mirrors, exterior doors or walls and everything that might fall on you like lamps and furniture.

If there is no table or desk near you, cover your face and head with your arms and crouch away from windows and shelves.

If you are in…

 The street: move away from the poles and electrical cables.

A building: Get under a table or desk, away from windows and outside walls. Stay there until the movement has passed. DO NOT use the elevators.

The interior of a busy place like a restaurant or a cinema: Stay where you are. Do not run towards the doors. Stay away from shelves that contain objects that may fall on you.

A car in motion: Stop as quickly as possible and stay inside the vehicle until the tremor passes. Avoid stopping near or under buildings, trees, bridges or power lines. Then, proceed cautiously, observing the road and bridges to see if they are damaged. If you have to leave, be aware of falling objects, downed power lines and walls, bridges, etc.

 

AFTER

1. If you are trapped in the rubble:

• Do not light a fire.

• Try not to move or raise dust.

• Cover your mouth with a tissue or your clothes.

• Tap on a pipe or wall so rescuers can find it. Use a whistle, if you have one. Shout only as a last resort, as doing so could swallow dangerous amounts of dust.

2. Know that after an earthquake, replicas will come. If the place where you were was affected by the first tremor, avoid returning to it. These replicas are usually less violent than the main earthquake, but strong enough to cause additional damage to weakened structures.

3. Check for injuries. Do not attempt to move people who are seriously injured, unless they are in immediate danger of death or new injuries. If you have to move an unconscious person, first stabilize the neck and back, and then ask for help immediately. If the victim is not breathing, carefully place the victim in position to administer mouth-to-mouth resuscitation.

4. Keep the body temperature of the injured person with a blanket, but make sure it does not get too hot.

5. Never give liquids to an unconscious person.

6. If the light is cut off, use battery flashlights. Do not use candles or matches inside after an earthquake, as there may be gas leaks.

7. Inspect your home for structural damage. If you have questions about safety, have a civil engineer inspect your house before returning.

8. Clean the floor of medicines, bleaches, gasoline and other spilled flammable liquids. If gasoline vapors are detected and the building is not well ventilated, exit immediately. If you smell gas or hear a whistling or blowing sound, open a window and exit.

9. Cut off the electric current, if you know or suspect that there is damage. Turn off the water supply at the main outlet if the water pipes are damaged. Do not lower the water in the toilets until you know that the sewer is in good condition.

10. Open the cabinets carefully, as objects may fall off the shelves.

 

 

EYE WITH THE TSUNAMIS!

If you are on the beach, be aware of the possibility of a tsunami, also called a tsunami. " When local authorities issue a tsunami warning or the sea recedes more than normal or has a strange behavior, know that a series of dangerous waves can reach the coasts. Exit the beach and walk to a high place.

 

Triangle of "life"?

In recent years, an e-mail about the so-called "life triangle", which gives alternatives to the already established "Crouch, Cover and Hold" advice, has circulated around the world, according to the "Rooting Earth in Earthquake" campaign. of the state of California, the actions recommended in this email can be life threatening.

 

The "triangle of life" council is based on the concept of empty space of survival, but makes several incorrect assumptions:

The buildings always collapse and crush all the furniture inside.

Residents can always anticipate how their buildings will collapse and locate empty spaces for survival.

During strong tremors people can move to the desired place.

 

Other recommendations in the "life triangle" email are also based on incorrect and very dangerous assumptions. For example, the advice to get out of your car during an earthquake and step aside supposes that there will always be an elevated highway that will fall and crush your car. Since there are very few elevated highways, lying next to your car is very dangerous because it could move and crush you.

 

Myths and truths about earthquakes ...

Myth

True

"The most dangerous thing in an earthquake is the risk of landslides."

Most injuries occur when objects fall on people entering or leaving buildings.

"In an earthquake, it is best to stand under the door frame or leave the building."

In modern houses, the door frames are not stronger than the rest of the house. It is safer to get under a table or desk away from the windows.

"When an earthquake occurs, it's best to run to church."

Ancient churches are not safe at all during an earthquake and their structures are often the first to fall.

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What Should You Do If an Earthquake Occurs? Information & how to deal with it: first, DO NOT PANIC! in the event of an earthquake. Next, read until it's finished, for tips, how to avoid, what you have to do afterwards and the supply of equipment. Earthquakes are vibrations or shocks that occur on the surface of the earth due to the sudden release of energy that creates seismic waves.

Earthquakes are measured using a Seismometer tool. Moment magnitudes are the most common scale where earthquakes occur for the whole world.

The Rickter scale is a scale reported by a national seismology observatory that is measured on a local magnitude scale of 5 magnitude. both scales are the same as long as their number ranges are valid. a 3 magnitude earthquake or more is mostly invisible and its magnitude 7 is more likely to cause serious damage in large areas, depending on the depth of the earthquake.

AVOID the following in an earthquake Door: can be closed hard and cause injury. Windows, bookshelves, high furniture and lighting fixtures. You can be hurt by broken glass or heavy objects. Elevator. If you are in the elevator during an earthquake, press the button for each floor and exit as quickly as possible. Electrical or suture lines - at least 10 meters to avoid injury. Coastline. An earthquake can trigger large ocean waves called tsunamis.

If you are near the shoreline in a high-risk area during a strong earthquake, immediately move ashore or to a higher place and stay there until the authorities / authorities say the area is safe. How to deal with an earthquake .

When in the house: Don't panic and don't run out, hide under a table or bed. If not there, protect the head with a pillow or other object. Stay away from bookshelves, cabinets and window glass. Be careful of the ceiling (roof) that might collapse, objects that hang like decorations on the wall and so on.

When outdoors: Stay away from tall buildings, walls, steep cliffs, electricity centers and electricity poles, billboards, tall trees and so on. Try to reach open areas. Stay away from shelves, glass windows and doors.

When in a public / public room: Don't panic and don't run out because it's likely to be filled with people. Stay away from objects that are easy to slip / fall like shelves, cabinets, window glass and so on.

When driving a vehicle: Stop immediately in an open place. Do not stop on a bridge or under an overpass / crossing bridge. When in a shopping mall, cinema, and mall ground floor: Do not cause panic or victims of panic. Follow all guidance from the staff or security.

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