How the total Hybrid automobile Works
The manner a full Hybrid sort automobile works, totally uses the ability and main supply of energy from a internal-combustion engine. whereas the perform of the electrical motor provides further power if required. fully Hybrid cars, electrical motors ar used because the solely supply of driving the automobile once the automobile is in low speed, therefore it's terribly effective once on the road there's congestion. therefore a full Hybrid automobile is incredibly fuel economical once on a holdup.
In full Hybrid cars, the ability to show on equipment within the automobile is taken from the battery, like audio, air con, lights. The automobile engine can activate once the battery desires further power. therefore if the battery is fully condition, the automobile's engine won't activate albeit you have got turned on the car.
2. Low Speed
At the initial acceleration, the speed of the automobile is low and also the automobile backs up, the automobile are going to be driven by an electrical motor and also the motor can take power from the battery. If the battery has to be recharged, the generator can mechanically begin the engine to charge the battery. fully Hybrid cars, once the speed of the automobile is slow, sometimes below twenty kilometers / hour, the thrust of the automobile are going to be taken from the battery and also the engine of the automobile mistreatment fuel is turned off. therefore in traffic jams, full Hybrid cars are going to be fuel economical.
3. Cruising Speed (Crusing)
At cruising speed, the internal-combustion engine and motor along ar accustomed drive the automobile. The generator conjointly changes the motion energy to be accustomed charge the battery.
4. Speed When passing
When passing, the motive force can want acceleration power. This power is taken from the internal-combustion engine and motor at the same time. therefore the traction once passing exceeds the non-Hybrid car's traction, in fact with identical variety of automobile.
5. automobile Speed When Braking
Regenerative braking, ever-changing the perform of the motor from the wheels to manufacturing electricity. the electrical motor turns around, so turning the wheel throughout braking produces electricity keep within the battery.
6. automobile Speed When Stopping
Just like in a very commonplace Hybrid automobile, in Hybrid automobile technology, once the automobile stops as an example at a red light-weight, the engine can flip it off. Energy for AC, audio and alternative equipment within the automobile takes power from the battery.
When your combustion engine generates work, some of that energy output is redirected to charge batteries, car battery is charged when the engine is working, to then power your headlights, lighter socket, and any electric stuff.
Then, when the battery is full, some of the energy stored is then used to run the electric engine that consequently lowers the fuel consumption of the whole car.
Of course, the battery in a hybrid car is substantially bigger than that of a regular car. Electric engine uses a lot of power, and such car couldn't run for very long just on such battery.
But together with combustion engine, it's a neat duo.
Let's take a broader view
1. Pure internal combustion : only burns fuel ( petrol/diesel) and converts it to kinetic energy.
2. Internal combustion + Small battery ( 3-4 Kwh) + regenerative breaking = Hybrid car
Think of first few generations of Prius , the small battery will support the car when running under 10-15 mph but will cut out if you go faster. This helps conserve fuel in stop and go conditions.
You cannot usually plugin the car to recharge the battery it charges through regenerative breaking.
3. Internal combustion + Medium battery ( 12-15Kwh) + regenerative breaking + Plug in to charge = PHEV ( plug in hybrid electric vehicle)
This is my fav.
Basically option 2 but you can go upto 50-60 miles ( even at higher speed) solely on battery and plug in the car to recharge the battery.
This way you can do all your daily drive tasks solely on electric but you can switch to petrol if you need to go for a long drive.
4. Pure electric = this is the Tesla option , no internal combustion engine for this option.
Only drawback is you have to keep the recharge stations in mind when planning long trips.